Mon. May 10th, 2021

    Anxiety depression mental health

    Is The Variant From India The Most Contagious Coronavirus Mutant On The Planet?

    anxiety  depression mental health

    The numerals in the illustration show the main mutation sites of the B.1.1.7 variant first detected in the U.K., which is more transmissible than other variants. Here, the virus’s spike protein (red) is bound to a human cell (blue).

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    Juan Gaertner/Science Source

    anxiety  depression mental health

    The numerals in the illustration show the main mutation sites of the B.1.1.7 variant first detected in the U.K., which is more transmissible than other variants. Here, the virus’s spike protein (red) is bound to a human cell (blue).

    Juan Gaertner/Science Source

    Back in the fall, Tom Wenseleers made a bold claim on Twitter. He tweeted that the new coronavirus variant emerging in the U.K. was more transmissible — or could spread more quickly — than over versions of the virus.

    “I posted a graph [on Twitter] showing the U.K. variant had a transmission advantage over the other types of the virus,” says Wenseleers, an evolutionary biologist at the University of Leuven in Belgium.

    At first, many scientists didn’t believe his analysis. Many people thought the big COVID-19 surge in England was due to holiday travel and shopping, he says. But after many follow-up studies, Wenseleers’ take proved correct. The variant first detected in the U.K., called B.1.1.7, is indeed more transmissible and likely the most contagious version of the virus known.

    anxiety  depression mental health VIDEO: An Easy Way To Understand Coronavirus Variants — Using Puzzle Pieces

    Now Wenseleers has performed similar analyses on data from India, and he’s feeling a bit of a déjà vu.

    “Based on this data, the new variant from India has a very big transmission or growth advantage,” even over B.1.1.7, he says. “It’s kind of like the U.K. variant squared.”

    This advantage, Wenseleers believes, is fueling the massive outbreak in India, on top of other contributing factors, such as recent mass gatherings, election rallies and relaxing of precautions.

    Over the winter, the situation in India looked great. COVID-19 case numbers were flat and even dropping.

    Then in the middle of February and early March, the situation quickly shifted. The virus surged explosively. Now India is battling a horrific second wave of COVID-19, reporting about 400,000 cases and more than 3,500 deaths every day.

    At the same time, the new variant that emerged in India, known as B.1.617, began to dominate the outbreak in several Indian states. This variant has more than a dozen mutations, including several known to enhance transmissibility and help the virus evade the immune system.

    anxiety  depression mental health India Is Counting Thousands Of Daily COVID Deaths. How Many Is It Missing?

    Other variants are also circulating in India, including B.1.351 from South Africa and B.1.1.7 from the U.K. To figure out which variant is spreading the fastest, Wenseleers used a mathematical model to estimate how quickly cases of each variant are rising in several regions. He found cases of B.1.617 to be rising at a faster rate than cases of B.1.1.7 in three states in India as well as in the United Kingdom.

    “If you take all these pieces of evidence together, I’m fairly confident that the variant from India has a growth advantage and that is a reason for the current epidemic in India,” he says.

    Of course, there are several caveats here. The findings are preliminary and haven’t been published, except on Twitter. “And the data are still very limited,” he says. “The number of variant sequences that’s available for India is quite small, especially considering the size of the country and the population.”

    For these reasons, other researchers are again dubious of Wenseleers’ findings.

    Karthik Gangavarapu, who’s a computational biologist at Scripps Research Institute, is one of them. “I don’t think the story is clear yet,” he says. “I’m not saying B.1.617 isn’t more transmissible than B.1.1.7, I’m just saying there’s a burden of proof you need to establish before you can say that.”

    Still though, Gangavarapu says, there’s no question the variant that emerged in India is worrisome — and something the whole world needs to try and stop together.

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    In this video, I'm going to show you "14
    High Carb Foods and Drinks" that you should try to AVOID if you're on a low
    carb diet let's get going Hey carbdodgers! My name is Dr. Dan Maggs, I'm here every Tuesday with new videos about how to successfully live a low
    carb lifestyle. I'd love it if you'd subscribe to my channel. Just hit the
    subscribe button down below this video and hit the bell to get notified
    whenever I release a new video every Tuesday. In my experience of helping
    people become successful low-carb dieters I found a theme of common
    mistakes that people make when starting out. Whenever someone is having a problem on a low-carb diet it's usually one of the following foods that after digging
    through what they've been eating is usually one of the problems. So stick
    around to the end of the video to find out all the carbs that you need to dodge
    so that you can be successful on your low-carb journey.

    So the 'first group' to
    avoid is of course the obviously, sugary foods and drinks. Now I'm including these
    here mainly for completeness its not to insult anyone's intelligence just bear
    with me I'm gonna rush through this one as fast as possible. So I'm talking about
    things like candy sweets donuts, cakes, jelly, cookies & jams. Adding
    sugar into your food or drinks stuff where you're obviously consuming sugar
    and the same goes for drinks such as sugar sweetened beverages, soda, sports
    drinks and energy drinks. Remember the average can of soda has over nine
    teaspoons of sugar in it. Now these are all pretty obvious sources of refined
    carbohydrates but it's the hidden places that sugar seems to get into that catch
    most people out.

    Added sugar is hiding in three-quarters of packaged foods. The
    next few things are some places where people often get caught out. Sauces and
    condiments… now some sauces are pretty obviously
    sweet, for example ketchup, barbeque, teriyaki and hoisin sauce so you're
    gonna pretty easily spot these and you might think a list
    but is okay but these sources can be seriously loaded with sugar and tastes
    can also be deceiving because even though if they're not obviously sweet
    this doesn't always mean that they're sugar free. Thankfully many of the hot
    sauces are very low in sugar but beware of sriracha
    where sugar is 2nd listed ingredient. Commercially prepared sources are often
    laden with sugar to boost the flavor think about things like tomato sauce and
    bolognese sauces. Number three is salad dressings. Now salads are a classic
    healthy food and for good reason and they're great for low carb and ketogenic
    diets but be aware of what can go into ready-prepared salad dressings that you
    buy from the supermarket be especially careful of glazes.

    By the way, it's really
    easy to make your own salad dressings just mix three parts of olive oil with
    one part vinegar and you've got a basic vinaigrette with no hidden sugars. Be
    especially aware of salad dressings that are marked as low fat, as they often
    contain lots of sugar. In fact, let's make low fat products in general, number four.
    So fat equals flavor and when fat is removed from foods that are supposed to
    contain fat then they generally taste awful. The food manufacturers often get
    around this by adding sugars to replace the missing flavor
    meaning that foods that are being marketed as diet or low fat or healthy
    are in fact full of sugar and there are low-fat versions of lots of foods. I've
    already mentioned low-fat salad dressings but in particular be aware of
    low fat yogurts. I'd always give these supposedly healthy options a swerve and
    go for the full fat natural versions. So one of the questions I get asked a lot
    is, "how do I know if I'm eating hidden sugars?" I'm sure most people would
    recognize that glucose and fructose of sugars if they read them on a food label
    and sucrose is of course the chemical name for table sugar.

    Many of you will
    also recognize high fructose corn syrup as being a sugar like substance and
    you'd also be right to be suspicious of other chemical sounding names such as dextran, dextrose, maltodextrin, Socceroos and
    mannose which are all sugars but they're even more tricky than this and they use
    names such as cane juice crystals, corn syrup solids, corn sweetener, carob syrup.
    These are all just some of the names that can be used for sugar in foods and
    there are lots more. So, how do you know if you're eating a hidden sugar? Well for
    the most part you don't! So, how can you avoid hidden sugars? Well the easiest way
    to avoid hidden sugars is to eat real food and buy real food I mean food that
    isn't processed.

    If it hasn't got an ingredients list then it's not being
    processed and it hasn't got any of these hidden nasties in it. Let's move on to
    number 5, natural sugars. Now, we're talking about things like honey
    I gave nectar, raw cane sugar and coconut sugar and this is a common one that I
    hear when people say… "I thought if it was natural then it was okay"… well yes it may
    be a naturally occurring sugar but it's still very high in carbohydrates and
    should be avoided which brings us onto the controversial topic that is fruits.
    Now, fruits are often labeled as healthy but fruits can have a wide variety of
    carbohydrate contents.

    For example, the average banana has the equivalent of
    nearly 6 spoons of sugar whereas the same size portion of watermelon contains
    less than 2 spoons but compare that to the same sized portion of strawberries
    which has less than half a spoon of sugar in it. So when it comes to cutting
    the carbs we can't just lump all fruits together and say they're their low carb
    you have to learn a bit more about the different carb contents of different
    fruits. In particular, I just urge you to be aware of the more tropical fruit such
    as bananas, mangoes, pineapples that kind of thing.

    Be especially aware also of
    dried fruit such as sultanas, raisins, apricots and dates. These can be a really
    effective sugar delivery system. The lack of water content in these means it's
    easier to consume a lot of carbohydrates really really fast and fruit juices
    should also be avoided on a low-carb diet. In a similar way to dried fruit,
    fruit juices in fruit smoothies also allow you to consume large amounts of
    fruit very rapidly. This 200 milliliters of apple juice which is less than a cup
    contains the same amount of sugar as a can of soda.

    Number seven grains &
    cereals. This is of course a well-known area to avoid on low carb diets but
    there are still a few mistakes that I commonly see in this area and by grains
    and cereals, I'm talking about things like wheat, maize, rice, oats, barley etc
    the things that are used to produce things like breads, pasta and breakfast
    cereals. These all contain a lot of starch and starch is just long branched
    chains of glucose molecules all doing together and these chains break down
    into glucose eventually so starch is just another form of carbohydrate. The
    most common mistake I see in this area is that people cut out the white breads
    and pastas and the obviously high carb breakfast cereals but will instead
    choose the apparently healthier whole-grain alternatives thinking their
    lower carb. Let's take bread for example, this slice
    of white bread has the equivalent of 3.7 spoons of sugar whereas this slice of
    whole-grain bread has the equivalent of 3 spoons of sugar it's less definitely
    but two small slices of this whole-grain bread is still the equivalent of 6
    spoons of sugar and the same goes for apparently healthier breakfast options
    such as muesli, porridge or oatmeal.

    So even if they appear to be or are
    marketed to be healthier options all grains and cereals really should be
    avoided on a low-carb diet. Before I move on to the next section, I just want to
    mention something that is a grain but many of us think about as part of
    vegetables and that's sweet corn the clue is in the name really. Sweet corn
    their typical 80 gram portion will give you the equivalent of 4 teaspoons of
    sugar which is 20 times the amount you'd get
    from eating the same amount of broccoli. Number eight is gluten-free products.
    This is kind of related to the last one but by avoiding grains most people who
    are living a low-carb lifestyle are naturally gluten-free, but I've seen
    plenty of people get confused about gluten-free products naturally assuming
    that they are low-carb.

    So just be aware that gluten-free
    doesn't necessarily equal low carb. In fact, many of these products are actually
    quite high in carbs. Number nine it's a big one starchy vegetables. So people often know to avoid potatoes on a low carbohydrate diet. The average hundred and fifty gram serving of potatoes has the equivalent
    of nine teaspoons of sugar. Other starchy vegetables to avoid would include sweet
    potatoes and parsnips which have similar carbohydrate contents to potatoes but
    also cassava or yucca which has about double the carb content of potatoes.
    Number ten is legumes. Legumes are a family of plants that are made up of
    beans, lentils and peas and whilst these are a great source of protein and the
    carbohydrates from these are absorbed quite slowly by the body if you're
    really cutting back the carbs then most of the legumes need to be off the
    shopping list.

    There are loads within this group so I'm not going to go
    through all of them but the ones that commonly catch people out are chickpeas
    and chickpeas are very high in carbohydrates compared to garden peas
    which are much lower in carbohydrates and can be eaten in moderation and all
    but the most restrictive of low carb diets. Number eleven is the pseudo grains
    well pseudo grains include things like quinoa, buckwheat and wild rice which
    technically isn't actually a rice at all. Now I think of these in the same way
    that I do legumes they're a lot better and more
    nutritious than grains and cereals but there's still pretty high in carbs and
    should be avoided. Number twelve is cashew nuts. Cashews nuts are an exception
    within the nut family which are really pretty low in carbohydrates
    cashew nuts have three to five times the carbohydrate content that most other
    nuts and this can be especially problematic as they're really easy to
    consume in large amounts especially if they're salted.

    Number thirteen is milk.
    Milk contains lactose which is of course a sugar and lactose is rapidly converted
    into glucose in the body and therefore should be considered high carb. Remember the lattes, cappuccinos and other drinks that are prepared mainly with milk
    should be avoided. If you're drinking a small splash of milk in two or three
    coffees a day then you should be fine but if you're using like loads of milk
    in seven or eight cups a day then you're probably consuming a fair amount of
    carbs just from the milk itself and I definitely recommend getting full fat
    milk rather than any of the reduced fat stuff you need far less of it to do the
    same job and I just think it tastes way better and last but not least and quite
    obsessingly in at number fourteen, its beer! Now, any alcohol is always going to
    slow down or stall weight loss on a diet but there are definitely some alcohols
    that are higher in carbohydrates than others a particular note is beer which
    quite rightly has the nickname of liquid toast and of course there's hundreds of
    different brands of beer that all have varying amount of carbs within them and
    you can by all means find low carb beers but they all taste pretty awful.

    So
    that's it that is my top 14 list of food and drinks to avoid when you're on a low
    carb diet. Now it's gonna sound like you pretty much can't eat anything but I
    assure you that really isn't the case and if you want to find out some more
    information on what you can actually eat then check out the recipes over at carbdodging.com and while you're there you can check out my free challenge which we
    run on a regular basis which is going to take you through everything you need to
    know in order to be successful on your own low-carb journey.
    I really appreciate you all for watching if you've enjoyed this
    video then please give it a thumbs up 👍 If you've been caught out by any of the
    things that I've listed in this video then please let me know in the comments
    down below or drop me a comment if you think I've missed anything so that I can
    add it into a future video.

    Thanks for watching I'll see you in the next video….

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